Monday, February 20, 2017
Reflection, the twenty-sixth solo studio album by Brian Eno, was released on the first day of 2017 by Warp Records, as a vinyl LP and compact disk. It is also available as a downloadable app, at a considerably higher price.
The app represents the realization of something that Eno had first hoped to do over forty years ago, with the release of Discreet Music. The title track of this 1975 record can be viewed as a thirty minute excerpt from an infinite algorithmic, generative composition: the longest available half-side of a vinyl LP (without having to cut the grooves so close that it results in a serious loss of fidelity).
Discreet Music is one of Eno's first forays into ambient music (predating the watershed Music for Airports by three years) and the first solo record to bear his full name. It is easily one of favourite records of all time, and art works. But Eno viewed it as a compromise, the limitation of the medium.
With the introduction of the compact disk, he was able to issue a single track of music at almost twice the length of Discreet Music, a decade later, with the release of Thursday Afternoon.
Thirty-two years later, Reflection is 54 minutes in length, on the CD and vinyl version. But the app offers an ever-changing infinitely long piece of generative music. And one which changes depending of the day.
"Reflection is the most recent of my Ambient experiments and represents the most sophisticated of them so far," he writes in the liner notes. "My original intention with Ambient music was to make endless music, music that would be there as long as you wanted it to be. I wanted also that this music would unfold differently all the time – ‘like sitting by a river’: it’s always the same river, but it’s always changing. But recordings – whether vinyl, cassette or CD – are limited in length, and replay identically each time you listen to them. So in the past I was limited to making the systems which make the music, but then recording 30 minutes or an hour and releasing that. Reflection in its album form – on vinyl or CD – is like this. But the app by which Reflection is produced is not restricted: it creates an endless and endlessly changing version of the piece of music."
The Reflection app is different from Eno's previous ventures into digital apps in that it is pointedly not responsive, not interactive.
"There are two statements," he told Philip Sherburne, in an interview with Pitchfork last week, "One is the price and the other is that it isn’t interactive. That was quite important to me, to try to keep it free of anything you could do with it. I just did not want people sort of fiddling. I was trying to say, “This is something to listen to.” Think of it like a finished piece of music. It happens to be a finished piece of music that will never repeat, but it is a finished piece. Some people were a little bit annoyed there was nothing they could do to it. My response is: You don’t expect to be able to do anything to a CD, do you? You just put it on and turn it up.
The point about the price was that if you make a vinyl, it costs 22 pounds in England, a CD is 16. Both of those are reduced versions of the app, in the sense that they are a tiny fraction, infinitesimal, of the lifetime piece. I really want to make the point that this is an endless piece of music. And one of the ways I can make that point is to price it higher. So in England, the app went to 30 pounds. A lot of work went into it, as well. It was only the two of us, Peter and I, and it took about a year to make the app."
Purchase the app for $39.99, here.
Read the full interview at Pitchfork, here.
Sunday, February 19, 2017
Zurich, Switzerland: Parkett Editions, 1997
10.2 x 4.5 x 2 cm.
Edition of 150 signed and numbered copies
Produced for Parkett issue #49 (which featured Anderson, Jeff Wall and Douglas Gordon), this single earring consists of a brass, copper, circuit board, loudspeaker, lithium battery, Plexiglas and wires. It features a playable sound message of approximately twenty seconds.
Released in 1997 for $440, the edition remains available from the publisher, though the price has now more than tripled. In 2008, it was raised to $600 US and to $900 US by 2012. A copy sold in September of 2013 at a Christies auction for 750 GBP ($1205 US) and the Parkett site now lists the work at € 1,400.00.
The jewelry is by Josiah Dearborn, and the 'engineering design' is by Bob Bielecki, who previously collaborated with Anderson on works such as her signature magnetic tape violin.
Available here, from the publisher.
Saturday, February 18, 2017
New York City, USA: Self-published, 2015
Edition of 100 signed and numbered sets
Conceived by the artist as a variation on his target paintings, the twelve unique designs were produced as double-sided polypropylene-laminated placements, with a black & white target on the verso of each. First featured and sold at Public Art Fund's 2015 Spring Benefit, the placemats were created to support the organization's mission to bring "dynamic contemporary art to broad audiences in New York City."
Friday, February 17, 2017
The Greek-Italian artist Jannis Kounellis, one of the founders of Arte Povera, died yesterday at the age of 80, in his hometown of Rome. Read obituaries in the Guardian, The Art Newspaper and Artnet, below.
Labels: Jannis Kounellis
Thursday, February 16, 2017
Wednesday, February 15, 2017
Miranda July w/ The Need
Margie Ruskie Stops Time
Portland, USA: Kill Rock Stars, 1996
7" 45 rpm single
Edition size unknown
The debut release for both Miranda July, and for backing band The Need (who went on to record for Kill Rock Stars, Outpunk and Chainsaw Records). July would later revisit the subject of stopping time in her second feature-length film, The Future.
"...it’s funny at another interview thing someone brought an old 7-inch of mine that’s called Margie Ruskie Stops Time, and I was like, “Oh, right! I forgot I already had this idea. Thankfully, you’re kind of the only person who has this 7-inch, I think!” But I’m a real sucker for anything to do with time or time travel. I could have gotten way nerdier there, but I tried to keep it emotional."
- Miranda July, interviewed by Christopher Frizzelle
The disc is available here, for between five and ten dollars (depending on condition). It is also available as a $2 download from Bandcamp, here.
July turns 43 today.
Labels: Miranda July
Tuesday, February 14, 2017
"The board of directors of Artists Space announced today that Jay Sanders, currently the Engell Speyer Family Curator and curator of performance at the Whitney Museum of American Art, has been appointed as the organization’s new executive director and chief curator. He will assume his new post in April.
David Joselit and Eleanor Cayre, cochairs of the Artists Space executive search committee, said, “Jay Sanders has the vision, energy, and sense of adventure that Artists Space demands, combined with great depth of critical insight and a wide-ranging knowledge of contemporary art. We could not have hoped to recruit a more brilliant executive director to carry forward this essential institution.”
During his tenure at the Whitney Museum, Sanders curated a range of exhibitions including shows dedicated to artists such as Laura Poitras and Sarah Michelson as well as an exhibition devoted to the origins of performance art in New York. He also organized major performance retrospectives of the vanguard composer Conlon Nancarrow, seminal downtown performance art duo DANCENOISE, Fluxus pioneer Takehisa Kosugi, and others. In 2012, Sanders cocurated the Whitney Biennial with Elisabeth Sussman. His exhibition of the works of Alexander Calder, “Calder: Hypermobility,” will open at the Whitney in June 2017.
“I could not be more honored and excited to be joining Artists Space at this important moment,” Sanders said. “As an institution that has played a vital and reflexive role in advancing the ongoing concerns of artists, I hold its mission and values in the highest regard. Artists Space is a critical site of experimentation, dialogue, and activity and has, time and time again, shown its potential to reinvent itself in relation to the present.”
Artists Space also announced plans to move to a new building after years at 38 Greene Street. More details about its new location will be revealed in the coming months."